Las Vegas, NV
Dental implants are considered to be the best solution for dealing with tooth loss. They offer a permanent solution with many benefits. They are more comfortable, don't slip out of place, and they are lower maintenance because you don't have to remove them to take care of them. Implants also have the added benefit of halting bone loss, thus preventing your face from changing shape. However, to have implants placed successfully, you need to have sufficient bone mass. If your jaw lacks sufficient bone mass now, that doesn't automatically mean you can't have implants. Here at Canyon Oral & Facial Surgery, Dr. Falk and Dr. Krieger are highly trained in procedures to treat problems of the teeth, mouth and face. We can perform a bone graft, giving you the bone mass implants need for support.
What Causes Bone Loss?The roots of your teeth sit in pockets in the jawbone. When you chew, the teeth come into contact with the jawbone, your body senses this and continues to renew the bone with the nutrients it needs to stay healthy. After tooth loss, however, the bone is no longer stimulated. Your body ceases to supply nutrients to your jaw, and those nutrients are sent elsewhere. Without proper nutrition, the bone in your jaw begins to be resorbed and eventually becomes weak.
What Is a Bone Graft?A bone graft is a surgical procedure that restores bone mass to your jaw. In some cases, the bone that we use to complete the graft is harvested from somewhere else in your body. This means there is no risk of rejection or infection, but it also means that you need to have a second surgical site. In other cases, we may decide to use bone from a donor bank. We may also decide to use other materials to perform a graft. We will go over your options during your consultation to determine which graft is best for you.
Types of Bone GraftsThere are several types of bone grafts:
|•||Autogenous bone grafts are grafts that are taken from somewhere else in your own body. This type of graft is living bone, meaning that it can encourage new growth. Your body also won't reject it. However, it requires a second surgery.
|•||Allogeneic bone grafts are taken from a donor. The bone is dead, so it cannot encourage new growth, rather it can only fill an empty space. But you do not require a second surgery.
|•||Xenogeneic bone grafts are taken from another species. They cannot themselves cause new bone growth, but rather fill the empty space that your bone can grow around. The bone is processed at a high temperature to lessen the chance of rejection or contamination. Again, you do not require a second surgery for these grafts.
|•||Demineralized bone grafts and demineralized freeze-dried bone allografts contain collagen, proteins and growth factors from an allograft bone. It is available in several forms like putty, chips, powder or injectable gel.
|•||Graft composites contain growth factors, along with other graft materials. Some resemble natural bone while others contain marrow cells to aid in the growth of new bone.
|•||Bone morphogenic proteins are naturally produced in your body and can help aid in the generation of new bone.|
Each type of bone graft has its own benefits and drawbacks. Our highly trained dentists will work with you to determine which option is best.
How Else Can a Bone Graft Help?The back of your upper jaw is located near your maxillary sinus cavities. If the bone between where we will be placing an implant and your sinus cavity is too thin we may need to remedy this issue with a bone graft known as a sinus lift. As a part of your sinus lift surgery, a bone graft is placed to increase the amount of bone mass between your jawbone and the sinus cavity.
If you have been told that you lack the necessary bone mass for dental implants, we can help. Call us today at Centennial Hills: (702) 660-5574, Summerlin: (702) 660-5576 to schedule your consultation.